Composer: César Auguste Franck
Artists: Gé Neutel (soprano), The Netherlands Radio Choir, Frans Müller (choir master), Netherlands Radio Philharmonic, Jean Fournet conductor)
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With just a single modern recording in the catalogue, Franck’s hour-long fusion of oratorio form with symphonic poem counts as a notable rarity in his output, not so sprawling as the evening-long oratorio on the Beatitudes but still a dramatic canvas full of incident and contemplation well worth exploring by anyone familiar with the Symphony or the secular tone-poems such as Psyché and Le chausseur maudit.
In fact Franck was in the middle of work on Les Beatitudes in 1871 when he read the ‘National Vow’ newly written by Edouard Blau, which attributed France’s recent misfortunes to divine punishment for the nation’s collective sins. The story’s narrative of Paganism enlightened by Christianity, which is then corrupted by unbelief and finally redeemed by prayer, struck a chord with Franck: ‘I will set this well because I believe in it.’
Rédemption was duly composed with passion and at speed, receiving its premiere on Maundy Thursday 1873. The form is unique, in which a symphonic poem (extracted by the likes of Munch and Toscanini) is surrounded by choruses and soprano arias as well as reflective interludes. The language is Franck at his most opulent and beautifully scored for orchestra. This live Dutch performance from 1976 was directed by Jean Fournet, a noted Franck specialist who made recordings of all the composer’s major orchestral works. Previously available only within large boxsets dedicated either to Franck or to Fournet, this is the single budget-priced version of Rédemption in the catalogue.
Jean Fournet drawing out the very best from his forces. The Radio Choir particularly shine for their warmth and flawless ensemble.’ MusicWeb International, April 2019.
César Franck described his Rédemption as a “Poème-symphonie”, a hybrid work in which choral parts and solo arias are interspersed with spoken recitative (often omitted in modern performances as they are in this recording) and including a purely orchestral section, the Morceau Symphonique.
The work, on a text by Édouard Blau, describes the state of the world before the coming of Christ, its transformation through the Christian message and subsequent decline when this is forgotten, with God’s message of forgiveness delivered by the Archangel at the conclusion.
00:00:00 César Auguste Franck: Rédemption, FWV 52, Pt. I: Introduction
00:02:58 César Auguste Franck: Rédemption, FWV 52, Pt. I: I. Choeur Terrestre
00:08:23 César Auguste Franck: Rédemption, FWV 52, Pt. I: II. Récit et choeur des anges
00:12:03 César Auguste Franck: Rédemption, FWV 52, Pt. I: III. Choeur, récit et air de l’archange. IV. Choeur general
00:23:52 César Auguste Franck: Rédemption, FWV 52, Pt. II: V. Morceau symphonique
00:37:15 César Auguste Franck: Rédemption, FWV 52, Pt. II: VI. Choeur d’hommes
00:41:46 César Auguste Franck: Rédemption, FWV 52, Pt. II: VII. Choeur des anges
00:46:24 César Auguste Franck: Rédemption, FWV 52, Pt. II: VIII. Air de l’archange
00:50:42 César Auguste Franck: Rédemption, FWV 52, Pt. II: IX. Choeur general
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