Rebay: Quartets for Guitar, Flute and Strings
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Composer: Ferdinand Rebay
Artist: Gonzalo Noqué (guitar), Alicia Fernández-Cueva (flute), Raúl Galindo (violin), Pedro Michel Torres (violin), Jacobo Villalba (cello)
Ferdinand Rebay (1880–1953) is absent from most musical dictionaries, yet was active at one of the most fascinating periods of European music and taught by one of the most respected musicians of the time – Robert Fuchs, at the Vienna Conservatoire. Fuchs was both a composer and a pedagogue, and among his esteemed pupils were Mahler, Wolf, Sibelius, Zemlinsky and Schreker. Fuchs considered Rebay to be one of his best pupils, although the young composer found it impossible to flourish within the environment of the Second Viennese School and continued to work within the late Romantic idiom.
Rebay turned to the guitar due to the influence of his friend Jacobus Ortner, Professor of Guitar at the conservatoire. Aware that the neglect of guitar repertoire for over half a century had led to a decline in the quality of writing for the instrument, Rebay set out to write complex, serious music that continued in the tradition of Giuliani and Sor, who had been composing in the early 1800s. Also influenced by Schubert’s Lieder with guitar, Rebay experimented with song before creating the large-scale works heard on this CD. These compositions exemplify Rebay’s compositional style and principles: the music is innovative and challenging, and the guitar is a fully integrated member of the chamber ensemble, rather than a soloist accompanied by the other instruments.
The neglect of Rebay’s music since his death is due far more to historical circumstances than its quality – he was prevented from working in Nazi Germany due to his attempts to protect his Jewish wife, and his music subsequently fell into obscurity. This new CD is a rare opportunity to hear the work of one of the most exciting rediscoveries in guitar music, played by expert performers.
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00:00:00 Ferdinand Rebay: Quartet in D Minor for guitar, violin, viola and cello: I. Langsam und leise beginnend – Unruhig bewegt
00:08:10 Ferdinand Rebay: Quartet in D Minor for guitar, violin, viola and cello: II. Zart und innig (In der Art eines Wiegenliedes)
00:13:04 Ferdinand Rebay: Quartet in D Minor for guitar, violin, viola and cello: III. Intermezzo a la Scherzo
00:15:44 Ferdinand Rebay: Quartet in D Minor for guitar, violin, viola and cello: IV. Variationen über das deutsche Volkslied ‘Leid und Lust’: Thema – I. Var.: Sehr ruhig beginnend – II. Var.: Zeitmass des Liedes – III. Var.: Kräftig bewegt – IV. Var.: A la Scherzo – V. Var.: Sehr ruhig und sehr zart – VI. Var.: Gut bewegt, kräftig markiert – VII. Var.: Sehr lebhaft bewegt – Finale: Fughetta
00:28:42 Ferdinand Rebay: Quartet in A Minor for guitar, flute, viola and cello: I. Ruhig beginnend – Allegro
00:41:57 Ferdinand Rebay: Quartet in A Minor for guitar, flute, viola and cello: II. Thema mit Variationen: Thema – I. Var.: Ein wenig bewegter – II. Var.: L’istesso tempo – III. Var.: Energisch bewegt – IV. Var.: Sehr ruhig und zart
00:50:39 Ferdinand Rebay: Quartet in A Minor for guitar, flute, viola and cello: III. Scherzo – Trio
00:57:21 Ferdinand Rebay: Quartet in A Minor for guitar, flute, viola and cello: IV. Finale
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