Röntgen: Orchestral, Choral & Chamber Music

In this video

Julius Röntgen (1855-1932) was born in Leipzig to a Dutch father, who was concertmaster of the famous Gewandhaus Orchester, and a German mother, a pianist. He trained as a pianist and performed Brahms’ 2nd Piano Concerto under the baton of the composer himself. In 1878 he moved to Amsterdam, The Netherlands, where he stayed the rest of his life, becoming an important member of the musical society, co-founding the Amsterdam Conservatory and the Concertgebouw.

Composer: Julius Röntgen
Artists: Netherlands Radio Symphony Orchestra, Jac van Steen (conductor), Netherlands Chamber Choir, Viotta Ensemble, Alexander Kerr (violin), Gregor Horsch (cello) & Sepp Grotenhuis (piano)

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A late-Romantic Symphony, Serenade, motets and chamber music by the composer and teacher who energised Dutch musical life for over half a century.

In February 1896, Clara Schumann described Julius Röntgen in a letter to Johannes Brahms: ‘He has remained a child, so innocent, pure, open, enthusiastic… But we certainly can and must take him seriously.’ Brahms certainly agreed, and stole from the younger composer a theme from the Serenade which opens this compilation, for use in his own Second Symphony; when Röntgen pointed this out, he was the recipient of a rare apology from Brahms.

Born in 1855, Röntgen grew up in Leipzig, the son of the leader of the Gewandhaus orchestra. As a boy he met Liszt, having already composed music for the likes of Joseph Joachim. His move to Amsterdam in 1877 launched a multifaceted career as a pianist, conductor and teacher who continued to compose prolifically in all the classical genres. He became friends with Grieg, who dedicated a volume of Lyric Pieces to him, and much of his own output convincingly welds Austro-German forms with a fresh, Scandinavian-accented simplicity of expression.

This portrait of Röntgen ranges across his diverse output, from the Serenade of 1876 to one of the symphonies he wrote late in life, a single-movement form composed in 1930 with a soprano vocalise. A youthful and joyous Violin Sonata of 1879 was composed for the violinist Amanda Maier, who would soon become his first wife; its high spirits are shared by the Theme and Variations for two pianos from the previous year. The Cello Sonata Op.56 is dedicated to the memory of a friend and adapts the final chorus of Bach’s St Matthew Passion. His Sixth Piano Trio Op.50 opens in high Brahmsian style with a passionate main melody and a tender slow movement. A trio of motets dates from the 1920s and features some of his most daring harmonies, before the Symphony strikes a vein of pastoral contemplation akin to the Sinfonia Espansiva of Nielsen, who had also become a friend.


Serenade in A Major, Op. 14:
0:00:00 I. Allegro tranquillo
0:08:42 II. Scherzo
0:15:25 III. Andante con espressione
0:22:11 IV. Allegro molto vivace

0:28:32 Thema mit Variationen, Op. 17

0:39:04 I. Wieder den Frieden. Klage-, Anklage, und Trostgesang
0:47:27 II. Gleichwie die grünen Blätter auf einem schönen Baum
0:51:54 III. Kommt her zu mir, alle die ihr mein begeeret

0:56:19 Symphony in C-Sharp Minor

Piano Trio in C Minor, Op. 50:
1:14:41 I. Allegro non troppo e serioso
1:22:10 II. Andante
1:28:56 III. Allegro non troppo

Sonata in F-Sharp Minor, Op. 20:
1:35:07 I. Allegro non troppo
1:44:07 II. Andante
1:47:01 III. Agitato

Sonata No. 5 in B Minor, Op. 56:
1:55:08 I. Moderato
2:00:53 II. Allegro con moto
2:05:24 III. Poco andante, teneramente
2:09:58 IV. Molto passionato e vivace

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